There are many benefits when it comes to being a woman, but women face many challenges with their health that men don’t have to worry about. Taking control of your health is just one way to prevent many diseases.
Cervical Health Awareness Month 2020 is January in the United States and can encourage us, anywhere, to make an appointment for Cervical Screening, a Pap Test or Pap Smear. More than 13,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer each year, but the disease is preventable with vaccination and appropriate screening. You can lower your risk for cervical cancer by getting screened regularly, starting at age 21. Here are some things to consider when it comes to this type of cancer from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Two tests help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—
- The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, which are cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.
- The human papillomavirus (HPV) test looks for the virus that can cause these cell changes.
- You should get your first Pap test at age 21. If your test result is normal, you can wait three years for your next test.
- If you’re 30 years old or older, you have three options—
- You can continue getting a Pap test only. If your test result is normal, you can wait three years for your next test.
- You can get an HPV test only. If your test result is normal, you can wait five years for your next test.
- You can get both an HPV and Pap test together. If your test results are normal, you can wait five years for your next tests.
- The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical cancers. HPV can also cause other kinds of cancer in both men and women.
- HPV vaccination is recommended for preteens aged 11 to 12 years, but can be given starting at age 9.
- HPV vaccine also is recommended for everyone through age 26 years, if they are not vaccinated already.
- HPV vaccination is not recommended for everyone older than age 26 years. However, some adults age 27 through 45 years who are not already vaccinated may decide to get the HPV vaccine after speaking with their doctor about their risk for new HPV infections and the possible benefits of vaccination. HPV vaccination in this age range provides less benefit, as more people have already been exposed to HPV.
- HPV vaccination prevents new HPV infections, but does not treat existing infections or diseases. This is why the HPV vaccine works best when given before any exposure to HPV. You should get screened for cervical cancer regularly, even if you received an HPV vaccine.
Take control of your health and get screened for Cervical Cancer. The staff at Rochester Medical Group are doing what we can to make health care a little easier for people and are always here to answer your questions.